Sardar Patel Jayanti 2020 Special
Sardar Patel Jayanti 2020 Special: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel: This is the journey of Vallabhbhai Patel to become ‘Sardar’, know 10 things. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister of the country. On October 31, National Integration Day is celebrated on the birth anniversary of the Patges who unite the country.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was born on 31 October 1875. Sardar Patel was a freedom fighter fighter and Azhar was the first Home Minister of India. He had an important contribution in the freedom struggle, due to which he is also called the Iron Man of India.
31 October 1875 Sardar Patel was born in Nadiad, Gujarat, into a peasant family. His father’s name was Jhaverbhai and mother’s name was Ladba Devi. Sardar Patel was the youngest and fourth among his three siblings.
Know 10 things about Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
- Sardar Patel was born on 31 October 1875 in Nadiad, Gujarat. Sardar Patel attended primary school in Karamsad and high school in Petlad, but he acquired most of the knowledge by studying himself.
- Vallabh bhai was about 17 years old when he was married to Jhaverba, a resident of Gana village.
- Patel started his legal practice as a lawyer in Godhra. He achieved rapid success as a lawyer and soon became a prominent lawyer taking criminal cases.
- Indicating Patel’s choice to lead the Kheda Satyagraha, Gandhiji said, “Many people were ready to follow me, but I could not make up my mind as to who should be my deputy commander.” Then I thought about Vallabh bhai. ”
- In the year 1928, Bardoli Satyagraha was held in Gujarat which was led by Vallabhbhai Patel. This was the main peasant movement. At that time, the provincial government was charging heavy revenue from the farmers. The government had increased the rent by 30 percent. Due to which the farmers were very upset. Vallabhbhai Patel strongly opposed the government’s arbitrariness. The government took many drastic steps in an attempt to crush this movement. But in the end, the government had to bow to Patel and fulfill the demands of the farmers. The rent was reduced from 30 per cent to 6 per cent after the investigation of two officials. After the success of Bardoli Satyagraha, the women there gave Vallabhbhai Patel the title of ‘Sardar’.
- In 1931 Patel was elected the president of the Karachi session of the Congress. At a time when the country was angry at the hanging of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru, Patel gave a speech that reflected the sentiment of the people.
- Patel had slowly prepared all the states to merge with India, but Nizam Osman Ali Khan Asif of Hyderabad decided to remain independent. The Nizam decided that he would join neither India nor Pakistan. Sardar Patel conducted Operation Polo to chase down the Nizam of Hyderabad. Operation Polo was a covert operation in the year 1948. Nizam Usman Ali Khan Asif was overthrown by this operation and Hyderabad was made a part of India.
- Patel became the first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister after the independence of the country.
- On the death of Sardar Patel, Pandit Nehru had said, ‘Sardar’s life is a great saga with which we are all familiar and the whole country knows this. History will record it in many pages and call them nation-makers. History will call him the unifier of new India. Much more will be said about them. But for many of us, he will be remembered as a great general of our army in the fight for freedom. A person who gave us sincere advice both in difficult times and in moments of victory.
- Sardar Patel ji died on December 15, 1950 in Mumbai, Maharashtra. In 1991, Sardar Patel was posthumously awarded the ‘Bharat Ratna’.
- Contribution: After independence, most of the provincial committees were in favor of Sardar Patel. As Gandhiji wished, Sardar Patel distanced himself from the race for the post of Prime Minister and supported Jawaharlal Nehru. Later, he was given the post of Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister, after which his first priority was to include indigenous princely states in India. He did this task well without any big fight. But Army had to be sent for Operation Polo of Hyderabad. Since Sardar Patel’s contribution to the integration of India was extremely important, he was called the Iron Man of India. He died in India on 15 December 1950 and this iron man said goodbye to the world.
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